Table of Equivalents/Certificates


Equivalences of common tests to CEFR levels



CEFR C2 C1 B2 B1 A2 A1
IELTS. 8.5 - 9.0 6.5 - 8.0 6.0 - 5.0 4.5 - 4.0    
PTE Academic. 85 76 59 43 30  
TOEIC.   490-495 785-990 550-780 225-545 120-220
ALTE LEVEL. 5 4 3 2 1 Breakthrough
TOEFL (IBT)   110-120 87-109 57-86    
ILR. 4 3/3+ 2+ 2 1+ 0/0+/1
ACTFL. Superior Advanced High Advanced Mid Advanced Low Intermediate
NB OPS 4 3+ 3 2+ 1+/2 Unrated /0/1
City and Guilds Mastery Expert Cummunicator Achiever Access Preliminary
NQF (UK only) Level 7-8 Level 4-6 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Entry Level
Alliance Française C2 /DALF C2 / DHEF C1 /DALF C1 / DSLCF B2 /DELF B2 / Certificado B1 /DELF B1 / CEFP A2 /DELF A2 / CEFP A1 /DELF A1
DELE C2 (formerly "Superior") C1 B2 (formerly "Intermedio B1 (formerly "Inicial") A2 A1
Goethe Institute Zentrale Obersetufen- prüfung Goethe-Zertifikat C1 Goethe-Zertifikat B2, ZDfB Zertifikat Deutsch Start Deutsch 2 Start Deutsch 1
PTE General Level 5 Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Level A1
UNIcert UNIcert IV UNIcert III UNIcert III UNIcert I    
VERSANT 79-80 69-78 58-68 47-57 36-46 26-35
YKI 6.taso 5.taso 4.taso 3.taso 2.taso 1.taso
CLB 1/II 3/IV 5/VI 7/VIII 9/X 11/XII
PSC A B C      
TOEIC.Listening&Reading Total   490-495 785-990 550-780 225-545 120-220
TOEIC. Listening   490 400 275 110 60
TOEIC. Reading     385 275 115 60
TOEIC. Speaking   200 160 120 90 60
TOEIC. Writing   200 150 120 70 30
TOEIC.Bridge Listening       84 64 46
TOEIC.Bridge Reading       86 70 46
TOEFL IBT Total.   110-120 87-109 57-86    
TOEFL IBT Listening   26 21 13    
TOEFL IBT Reading 29 28 22 8    
TOEFL IBT Speaking   28 23 19 13 8
TOEFL IBT Writing   28 21 17 11  


The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of foreign language students across Europe. There are six levels, each corresponding to a particular level described by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.


*1. Basic User(Level A1): Breakthrough or beginner

  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
  • Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.


*2. Basic User(Level A2): Waystage or elementary

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).

  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate nee

*3. Independent User (Level B1): Threshold or intermediate

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.


*4. Independent User (Level B2): Vantage or upper intermediate

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.


*5. Proficient User (Level C1): Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced

Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.

  • Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


*6. Proficient User (Level C2): Mastery or proficiency

Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.

  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.


Cambridge ESOL : each level is reached with the following guided learning hours, A2, 180-200; B1, 350-400; B2, 500-600; C1, 700-800, and C2, 1,000-1,200.


Deutsche Welle (sponsored by the German government) suggests A-1 is reached with about 75 hours of German tuition. A-2.1 about 150 hours. A-2.2 about 225 hours. B 1.1 about 300 hours. B 1.2 about 400 hours



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